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Xanthoriza simplicissima - Yellowroot

Xanthoriza simplicissima - Yellowroot

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Xanthorhiza simplicissima, commonly called yellowroot, is a deciduous, suckering, spreading shrub native to forested stream banks and other moist woodland areas in portions of the eastern and southeastern United States. The stems are upright, unbranched, and somewhat leggy in appearance, reaching between 0.5-2.5' tall and topped with a cluster of leaves. The compound leaves can reach up to 7" long and have five, toothed leaflets, making them somewhat similar to celery leaves in appearance. A drooping, branched panicle of small, dark purple-maroon flowers appears in spring from the bases of the leaf clusters. Bronzy-yellow fall color can be quite showy. Crushing the roots and stems produces a yellow dye. The roots have been used traditionally to treat various aliments of the digestive and circulatory systems.

Type: Deciduous shrub
Zone: 3 to 9
Height: 0.50 to 2.50 feet
Spread: 6.00 to 10.00 feet
Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: Dark purple-maroon
Sun: Part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Naturalize, Rain Garden
Flower: Insignificant
Leaf: Good Fall
Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Heavy Shade, Erosion, Clay Soil, Dry Soil, Wet Soil